THE HISTORY OF EMILIO AGUINALDO COLLEGE
The history of EMILIO AGUINALDO COLLEGE begins with a man who had a dream — Dr. Paulo C. Campos, President of the University Physicians’ Services, Inc. (UPSI), who was its founding President, and where Emilio Aguinaldo College belongs among its subsidiaries.
The forerunner of Emilio Aguinaldo College was the Marian School of Midwifery founded in 1957, under the management of the Marian Clinics, Inc., headed by Dr. Jose Fontanilla as principal. In 1959 Dr. Crisanto S. Vito Cruz and Dr. Gregorio T. Delgado, together with Mrs. Lolita R. Vito Cruz established the 1st Medical Secretarial School in the country. This was followed by the founding of the Marian School of Nursing headed by Ms. Carmen Karganilla. Mrs. Julia Vasquez was the head of the School of Midwifery.
THE UPSI TAKE OVER
The University Physicians’ Services, Inc. took over management of the school in 1973. Under the new management and with medical consultants and staff of Medical Center Manila, the development of the school as an institution of higher learning accelerated. The school became Marian Junior College, and in the same year, with the opening of new courses, the School of Food Service and Technology and the Dietetic Internship Program under Mrs. Rachel C. Fajardo, its status was elevated to a full-fledged college known as Marian College. The team headed by Dr. Paulo C. Campos as president, included Mrs. Soledad L. Dolor, Chairman of the Board, Sister Imelda Palanca as administrator, and Dr. Elias Imperial as Vice President for Educational Services. In 1975, Dr. Antonio D. Talusan took over as VP for Educational Services. In 1975, the EAC campus was established along Romualdez St., Ermita, Manila with the acquisition of the Tabacalera property and the Metaltek buildings. An innovative academic program, Medical Arts and Photography, with Dr. Crisanto Vito Cruz as Director, was started on this year. Also given government recognition was the 4-year course, Bachelor of Science in Secretarial Administration, popularly known as “Med Sec.” Additional courses were offered the following year, namely, the College of Arts and Sciences, headed by Dean Carmita Legarda, offering Bachelor of Arts (AB) and Bachelor of Science (BS) programs. The Bachelor of Science in Nursing, followed by BSN Supplemental Course, were also given government recognition, thus establishing the College of Nursing. The Academic and Administrative Staff included Dean Carmita Legarda, Chancellor and Academic Dean; Cresencio Tadena, Director for Educational Planning and Research; Mrs. Catalina Tible, Registrar; and Mrs. Daisy Barzaga, College Secretary, later to become the 1st Dean of Student Affairs. In line with the government’s policy on the dispersal and decongestion of the student population in Metro Manila, particularly in institutions of higher learning, as well as the need for regional development and democratization of opportunities, Marian College began building the 1st school units in Dasmarinas, Cavite in 1977. The 27 hectares ideally situated in gentle slopes surrounded by beautiful country side was envisioned to eventually become its main campus amid sprawling.
CHANGE OF NAME
On September 1977, the name Marian College was changed to General Emilio Aguinaldo College, to apply to both Manila and Cavite Campuses. This was in consonance with the new directions of the government in recognizing and honoring national heroes. Subsequently, the title “General” was dropped, and the College was then called Emilio Aguinaldo College, as it is known today. With the two campuses now in full operation, there arose a need to have two sets of administrators. In Cavite, Dr. Antonio Talusan was acting Chancellor, Mrs. Virginia Bactad. OIC and Head of Arts and Sciences Division, Mrs. Emelita Virata was head of Graduate in Nursing and Mrs. Teresita Medina was head of Midwifery. All courses offered in Manila were given permits to also be offered in Cavite, with the addition of BS Criminology, MA in Teaching, MA in Education and MS Nursing. Simultaneously, EAC Manila offered BSN Supplemental for graduates in nursing (GN) who wanted to pursue Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN), and BS Foods and Nutrition and Industrial Cafeteria Management. In addition, the Cavite Campus offered technical courses in Agricultural Technology, Electrical and Electronics Technology, and Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Technology, with Mr. Dorninador del Rosario as head of the Polytechnic School. On October 21 1979, the Emilio Aguinaldo College Foundation, Inc was established at Dasmarinas, Cavite, thus giving birth to the Emilio Aguinaldo College of Medicine with Dr, Lourdes E. Campos as Dean. In Manila, the College of Business Administration was given permit to operate, with Mrs. Judy Arreza as Dean. The following year, March 7, 1980, UPSI formed the Yaman Lahi Foundation, Inc. (YLFI) to manage and operate the Manila and Cavite campuses. To meet the demands of a burgeoning enrolment, the EAC-Manila campus was transferred to United Nations Avenue in 1982, with Marian Hospital being convened into a school building. At this time Dr. Antonio Ulgado was appointed Chancellor of the College (1981) while Mrs. Alicia Clemente was Administrator. Within the next ?ve years, the focus was on curricular program development which paved way to more courses being given government recognition: Pharmacy, Pharmacy Aide and Physical Therapy (1983); Master of Arts in Teaching, major in Educational Administration and Supervision, Guidance and Counseling, and Nutrition and Dietetics (1984); Master in Business Administration and Master of Arts in Nursing (1985). The Presidency of the College was turned over to Gen. Cicero C. Campos, Ph.D., in 1986, but his term was short lived for he was called to active service in the government by President Corazon C. Aquino. He was succeeded in office by Dr. Amado C. Campos 1987. The following year, 1988, Dr. Florangel T. Campos took over as President. She held the position until 1991. The year 1987 saw the sale of Emilio Aguinaldo College Cavite Campus, the College of Medicine and the University Medical Center to De La Salle University. With the sale of the Cavite campus, the administration now focused on the development of EAC-Manila. To further augment the need for facilities in EAC-Manila, the former Philippine Charity Sweepstakes Of?ce building along Taft Avenue was acquired and inaugurated in January 17, 1989 to house the offices of the Registrar, Accounting and Executive Secretary, as well as the College of Computer Science with Mr. Nicodemus Canizares as OIC. On December 1989, a building, called UPSI-2, was constructed to house the school’s Audio Visual Center and theaters on its second ?oor, and the EAC Gymnasium and Physical Education Department on the fifth ?oor with Mrs. Alicia A. Angara has Director. On March 5, 1990, the properties now called EAC 2, 3, & 4, were acquired. EAC 2 was designated the College of Dentistry building; EAC 3 housed the Early Childhood Learning Center, the laboratory school for the College of Education; and EAC 4 as the Executive House with the mini Hotel, a practicum place for Hotel and Restaurant Management. November 1990 saw the construction of EAC 5, a ?ve-story building along Gonzales Street. The following year, on May 21, 1991, the Multi-Purpose Hall was erected adjacent to EAC 5 and inaugurated in November 1991, with Mrs. Nelida V. Lares as Director. This served as venue for the Music Appreciation Program of the College, as well as for convocations, social activities and other school assemblies. A property also on Gonzales Street was acquired on December 16, 1991, where a seven-story Science building, EAC 6, was erected and inaugurated in December of the following year. The expansion of physical plant was necessary due to the birth of new courses, namely, College of Respiratory Therapy (1990), with Dr. Joselito Q. Eisma as Dean; College of Dentistry (1992), with Dr. Amalia V. Angeles as Dean; College of Medical Technology (1992), with Dr. Emma Castaneda as OIC; College of Occupational Therapy (1993) with Dr. Pocholo Trinidad as Dean; The College of Hotel and Restaurant became a legitimate college independent of the College of Business Administration (1993) with Ms. Evelyn Delleva as Acting Dean and the College of Computer Engineering (1994) with Engineer Dennis Didulo as Dean; the Early Learning Center (1998), Mrs. Rolenda L. Campos, Director; the EAC Science High School (1999) with Dr. Mercedes T. Hernandez as its Principal. Dr. Cicero C. Campos was re-appointed President in 1992. However, President Fidel V. Ramos once again called on him to serve as the first president of the newly founded Philippine Public Safety College. Dr. Lourdes E. Campos took over as President in 1993. With the latter ’s retirement in 1995; Dr. Jose Paulo E. Campos was sworn to office as the 6th President of EAC on April 1997. A five story-extension building was put in place of the Multi-Purpose Hall to serve as venue for departmental examinations. An additional high-rise 10-story building, EAC 7, on the corner of San Marcelino and Gonzales Streets was constructed and inaugurated on April 19, 1997. With this building in place, the EAC campus now fronted San Marcelino Street. Emilio Aguinaldo College has complete facilities for fully air-conditioned Audio-Visual theaters; fully equipped laboratories for natural and basic sciences, rehab and dental medicine, computer science and engineering, languages and mass media production. In 1995, a few years after De La Salle University took over Emilio Aguinaldo College in Cavite, another school under Emilio Aguinaldo College was organized to serve the growing industrialization of Calabarzon. The school was named Center for Technical Education and Skills Training or CTEST for short. The programs were all technical courses under the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority – TESDA, were automotive technology, computer technology, programming, electronics and welding. A partnership was formed with the Technical University of the Philippines to provide the initial key faculty and to train future faculty of the school. In 1997, following the strong demand for nursing education, a school of nursing was opened in the Cavite Campus. Because of the public association of Emilio Aguinaldo College with the medical sciences, the enrollment at the Cavite Campus was soon dominated by the school of nursing. Because technical education could not overcome its image as an inferior education and both to continue to support the Calabarzon economy and to balance the over concentration of students in the nursing program, in 2000 the School of Engineering was organized offering Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering and Electronic and Communications Engineering. In 2001 the School of Medicine was opened in the Manila Campus with the Medical Center Manila, a 250-bed capacity hospital as its base. The rationale for opening the School of Medicine were the school complemented the existing programs in the allied health sciences and because the resources, primarily the faculty and clinical cases were already in place at Medical Center Manila – MCM. Besides the faculty and clinical cases, MCM had existing residency programs in all the major departments – Internal Medicine, Surgery, Obstetrics and Gynecology and Pediatrics. Also existing was a residency program in Radiology. Dr Salvador Salceda was the first Dean and the school admitted 25 freshmen medical students during its first year. In 2004 the Dental Laboratory Technology Services, a TVET program, was opened in partnership with Skytech, a company that exported dentures to the U.S. market. The head of Skytech, Ms Wilma Redler, required Dental Technologists, to staff their growing operations. Emilio Aguinaldo College joined the first schools that modeled the Senior High School in academic year 2012 – 2013. Both the Manila and Cavite campuses offered the Senior High School program for Science Technology Engineering and Math, Accountancy and Business Management, Humanities and Social Science and the Sports strands when Senior High School was implemented in academic year 2016-17.
INTERNATIONALIZATION AND MEMBERSHIPS IN ORGANIZATIONS
The first steps towards internationalization involved the enrolment by international students in the School of Medicine in 2006. Several students from Taiwan enrolled in that year. In succeeding years, other students arrived and enrolled in the undergraduate programs in the allied health sciences or in biology with the intent to pursue a degree in medicine. This trend has been sustained and has broadened to many other programs. Students from Taiwan and the People’s Republic of China has declined significantly but other students from South Asia, the African continent and Thailand and Indonesia, in the ASEAN have increased in numbers. Following linkages with Qiqihar University, in Helongjiang Province and Nanyang Medical College in Henan Province in the Peoples Republic of China, linkages were established with Higher Education Institutions in Indonesia facilitated by the Indonesian Embassy in Manila, Thailand, Nepal and India. Some international faculty also joined the school faculty but because of restrictive rules of the Bureau of Immigration on hiring foreign staff, these were limited to academics who were married to Filipino citizens and settled in the Philippines. Emilio Aguinaldo College is a member of the Philippine Association of Colleges and Universities. It has served as the president of the Philippine Association of Private Schools, Colleges and Universities since 2006 to the present and in this capacity has been a director of the Coordinating Council of Private Educational Associations since 1997. The school has been a member of the South Manila Educational Consortium since 2006, previously known as the Taft Consortium. The consortium now includes 12 member schools. EAC served as the president of the consortium from 2013 to 2015. The school has been a regular member of the National Collegiate Athletic Association since 2015 having had guest and probationary status starting 2010.
ADMINISTRATIVE AND QUALITY SYSTEMS
The schools administrative, library and grading system use a software by GTI, School Automate. The library subscribes to the Proquest online journals. An e-learning system on a Moodle platform is available for most subjects, where students may access class notes; the periodic evaluation of faculty and non-academic staff by students and the computerized student election have also been implemented. The school began to intermittently adopt quality standards through PACUCOA in 1992. However, it was only in 2005, that the school required all its programs to have accreditation. Except for the School of Medicine, which is with the PAASCU, all the other programs of the school are accredited by the PACUCOA. On May 16, 2016 the Commission of Higher Education granted Emilio Aguinaldo College Deregulated Status for the period April 1, 2016 to May 31, 2019. On July 7, 2017, the Worldwide Quality Assurance Ltd granted Emilio Aguinaldo College ISO 9001:2008 status for the Management of Educational Services and Quality Academic Systems. The Yaman Lahi Foundation, Inc.-EAC was also an accredited science foundation for scientific research by the Department of Science and Technology in 1995. This certification was renewed in 2017.